Exhortation spiritual gift
From 1 Corinthians 14:12, several things are understood in light of Greek grammar on the subject of exhortation spiritual gift.
- The Corinthians were stirred to action by a strong emotions and feelings about spiritual things.
- They were zealous or eager about spiritual things; they ardently desired to join, promote, actively support, possess, and defend spiritual things especially the spiritual gifts.
- This zealousness indicates that they, being carnal and immature, did not place any restraint on spiritual things.
- The restraint comes not from Paul’s restrictions, but from testing the spirit of truth from the spirit of error through the Word of God (1 John 5:5-10).
- Paul concludes that it is far better for them to seek those gifts that edify the church than those which edify the individual Christian.
- Paul does not refute the use of spiritual gifts that do not edify the church. He is simply restraining this use in the lives of the Corinthian saints due to their carnality and immaturity.
- Paul states to the Corinthian church that seeking spiritual things must result in the edification of the church, and for this goal they all should seek. For the sake of the Corinthians, and only for their concern, Paul tells them that personal edification is more a by-product of seeking spiritual things.
- Paul asserts, for the sake of the Corinthians, that the edification of the church is more important than the edification of the individual.
- It is seen that the Corinthians had taught the extreme opposite.
- Paul takes the extreme approach and goes to the opposite direction.
- Paul hopes that the Corinthians would arrive at the middle ground and see that the gifts of the Holy Spirit can well be used to edify the church and the individual Christian (1 Corinthians 14:2-4).
- Paul strongly asserts that for the Corinthians now, due to their carnality and immaturity, the object of their edification must be their particular church.
- Paul, because of the carnality and immaturity of the Corinthians, pushes them very strongly in the opposite direction. He exhorts them to seek spiritual things— in particular, spiritual gifts—which edify the church.
- However, it must be said here that Paul even doubts that the Corinthians can be pushed in the opposite direction. This is seen by his use of the imperative mood.
- Undoubtedly, Paul believes that the carnality and immaturity of the Corinthians will continue, and that they will continue to exalt all spiritual things that edify the individual and not their church. He thinks they are a lost cause. Yet, he exhorts them to change.